1963 Lebanon

111. Lebanon 1963 – Baalbek, Temples (Updated)

Welcome to WDEOD, a site dedicated to sharing fifty year plus of one Englishwoman’s travels!

This post features photographs taken in the Lebanese site of Baalbek. It was awarded the UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1984 which was 21 years after Doris’ visit. The criteria fulfilled was that it displayed “Human creative genius” and “Significance in human history“.

Properly the site should be called Baʿalbek  and in Arabic: بعلبك‎

A little history

The Romans arrived in the Phoenician city of Heliopolis (or so the Greeks called it) around 64BCE and built extensively for about 200 years. Before they arrived, the Phoenicians worshipped three gods (Baal-Shamash. Anta and Alyn)  which were Romanised into Jupiter, Venus and Mars. The Temple of Jupiter was started first of all, initially under Augustus and then completed under Nero. Nowadays it only has six columns left because of earthquakes and people nicking bits for other sites. The immense sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus was lined by massive granite columns imported from Aswan (and also here and here) which Doris had visited the year previously.

The Great Court of Baalbek was begun during Trajan’s reign (98ce – 117ce) and contained various religious buildings and was surrounded by a splendid colonnade of rose granite columns.

Recent

The 2006 Lebanon war caused no direct damage but effects of nearby blasts caused some toppling and possible increase to cracks. Excavations have found evidence of Neolithic settlements and the largest ancient block.

The photographs

I believe eleven of Doris’s sets of photographs and a few odd from fellow travellers survive. I have set up links to allow you to go to the other sets here.

The set of photographs is in two sections. Firstly, there are pictures taken on the way to the site and then, later, of the Temples and surroundings.

First Part

Salt pans

01 Lebanon Lebanon salt pans
Lebanon 1963 – Salt pans

… and a Cedar in Lebanon

 

02 Lebanon
Cedar in the mist
03Lebanon
Lebanon 1963
06Lebanon
On the way to Baalbek
08Lebanon
Shepherd
09Lebanon
Minor caravan
10Lebanon
Normally Doris asks before taking pictures, but this one slipped through
Second part – Baalbek
11 Lebanon Baalbek
The girls are on a donkey and all three could probably fit in the boot of that car.

 

12 Lebanon Baalbek
The Temple of Jupiter in the background
14Lebanon
Lebanon 1963

 

15 Lebanon Jupiter column
No point straightening this as most of the detail would be gone.
16 Lebanon Baalbek
Lebanon 1963 – temple
17 Lebanon Baalbek
Baalbek
18 Lebanon Baalbek
Lebanon 1963
19 Lebanon Baalbek
Baalbek
20 Lebanon Baalbek
Lebanon 1963
21 Lebanon Baalbek
Baalbek
22 Lebanon Baalbek
Lebanon 1963

Before I scanned these particular slides, I have never even heard of Ba’albek. The site is immense and contains this building – The Temple of Bacchus. Initially the sheer size is not apparent and then you clock the people and the houses behind.

23 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
Baalbek
24 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
Lebanon 1963 – Baalbek
25 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
26 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
Lebanon 1963 – Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
27 Lebanon Baalbek
Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
28 Lebanon Baalbek
Lebanon 1963
29 Lebanon Baalbek
Baalbek Temple of Jupiter
30Lebanon
A typical Doris shot. Of the people.
31Lebanon
Lebanon 1963

This is an Islamic niche in the Temple of Bacchus. It was probably where a statue stood and is now covered with arabic writing.

33 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus Islamic niche
Temple of Bacchus Islamic niche
34 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
1963 Temple of Bacchus
35 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
Lebanon 1963 – Temple of Bacchus
36 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
Temple of Bacchus
37 Lebanon Baalbek Temple of Bacchus
Lebanon 1963 – Temple of Bacchus

 

 

15 Becca Valley from Beruit to Baalbek Lebanon
Becca Valley from Beruit to Baalbek Lebanon

 

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